Working with the keyboard

You can enter both Russian and English text on the computer. There are several ways to choose a language. Find a panel on the desktop with the icon of the name of the corresponding language – Russian (RU) or English (EN). Most often, this panel is located in the lower right corner of the desktop. It is called the language panel. Click on the name of the language in the panel, and an auxiliary language selection menu will appear next to it.

The currently installed language is marked with a check mark in the menu. Click on the line with the required language, the menu will be removed from the screen, and the language for entering text will change. If the language bar is missing, a similar icon can be found on the right side of the taskbar. Click on the icon, and an auxiliary menu will appear next to it, in which you can select the desired language.

Another way to switch between languages is to press a certain key combination. Most often, you need to simultaneously press the CTRL and SHIFT keys located on the left side of the keyboard.

Punctuation marks in black and red are drawn on most keyboards. Punctuation marks are black when English is selected, and red when Russian is selected. The symbols drawn at the top of the key are called by pressing the key simultaneously with the SHIFT key.

  1. The main group ofkeys:

  • Alphanumeric keys;
  • Enter – command input key;
  • Shift – upper case key;
  • CapsLock – upper case lock key;
  • Ctrl, Alt – control keys, used to change the assignment of other keys;
  • Tab – tab key, designed to move the cursor several positions to the right (the cursor is a flashing sign (|) indicating the place where the next character is entered);
  • Backspace- delete character key to the left of the cursor;
  • Delete – the key to delete the character to the right of the cursor;
  • – main menu call key;
  • – the context menu call key.
  1. Cursor control keys:

  • ,,,- cursor keys respectively: up, down, left, right;
  • PgUp, PgDn – keys for moving one screen page up/down, respectively;
  • Home, End – keys to move the cursor to the beginning and end of the line, respectively;
  • Delete – the key to delete the character to the right of the cursor (or above the cursor);
  • Insert – the key for switching insert/replace modes: input with sliding characters (insert) and input with replacing characters (replace).
  1. Auxiliary keys

The numeric keys on the auxiliary keyboard are combined with the cursor control keys. In digital mode, digits are entered; in cursor control mode, the assignment of the keys coincides with the assignment of the cursor control keys. The NumLock key is used to switch modes.

  1. Function keys

F1 — F12 – keys that trigger the most frequently used commands. They have different meanings in different programs.

  1. Special Esc keys – command cancellation key:
  • PrintScrn – used to print the contents of the screen on the printer;
  • ScrollLock– used by some programs to fix the cursor in one place and scroll through the entire document;
  • Pause (Break) – the program temporary stop key.